Cluster headache

IBAN: BE74 0682 5035 5007

OUCH Belgium
OUCH Belgium NPO- Patients association

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Oxygène

Oxygen

Oxygen

High flow oxygen, 12 to 15 l/min, provides very good results in the treatment of the cluster headache attacks.
The major drawback is the size and weight of the cylinders.
(model B10 – 2100 litres or B20 – 4200 liters).
The main advantage is being able to treat as many attacks as required.

Oxygen therapy is one of the two main treatments for attacks and is not a prophylatic treatment.

General description

Name of the productMEDICAL OXYGEN GAS
CNK code:4004-693
Category:Reimbursed in category A
Content:B5, B10, B20 (or C5, C10, C20)
( Respectively ± : 1 m3 – 2,1 m3 – 4,3 m3 )
Main suppliers
(alphabetical order) :

Linde Homecare Belgium
Tel : +32 70 233824 Email : homecare.be@linde.com

Oxycure Belgium
Tel +32 81 22 15 90 Email : oxycure@oxycure.be

Oxysphair
Tel : +32 2 397 05 40 Email : info@oxysphair.be

VitalAire
Tel : +32 2 255 96 00 Email : vitalaire.belgium@airliquide.com

Vivisol
Tel : +32 68 27 06 40 Email : info@vivisol.be

The effectiveness of high-flow oxygen therapy in the treatment of cluster headache attacks has been proven.
See, among others, https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/185035

At a glance

Chemistry

O2, commonly referred to as “oxygen”, or as dioxygen by chemists, is made up of two oxygen atoms.
Under normal temperature and pressure conditions oxygen is a gas, making up about 21% of the air we breathe.

Results

The result it provides in the treatment of Cluster Headache attacks is likely linked to two effects:

  • Oxygen is a vasoconstrictor. It will therefore fight against vasodilatation during the attack.
  • Like sumatriptan, it reduces the amount of CGRP at the trigeminal level. (CGRP is present in abnormal amounts during an attack).

In addition, oxygen is compressed in the cylinder. By expanding when the valve is opened, it cools down.
It is not impossible that this cooling may contribute to vasoconstriction (“ice cube” effect) but this may be a placebo effect.

Dosage

For optimal effectiveness, the flow rate should be 12 to 15 litres per minute.
It is advisable to start treatment as soon as possible, at the first signs of an attack.

Side effects

Side effects vary depending on the individual:

  • dryness of the upper respiratory tract,
  • coughing,
  • slight feeling of drunkenness.

These effects are generally not very pronounced and may depend on the equipment used.

Toxicity

Oxygen therapy, as used in the treatment of cluster headache, can be considered non-toxic.
However, there are risks with 100% oxygen above two hours of continuous use.

Contraindications

  • Patients with COPD should consult their pulmonologist before any oxygen therapy treatment.
    Read the complete file to find out about drug interactions!